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Transportation in China

As one of the four oldest civilizations in the world, China is a vast land with countless touristic resources. Scenic spots, historic sites, natural landscapes, natural landscapes and national customs attract tourists from all over the world. To improve your traveling experience in China, here are some means of transportation that will help you explore our country better.

Air Travel

The advantages of air travel lie in its short times, safety and comfort. People can reach their destinations quickly and save more time to enjoy beautiful scenery in China. Air China’s scheduled international flights reach 121 cities in 52 countries. There are 40 mainland cities with scheduled flights to Hong Kong, 7 to Macao, and 38 to Taiwan. China has over 380 routes to international destinations. There are international airports in cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Kunming, Xiamen, Dalian, Xi’an, Urumqi, Harbin, Hong Kong, and Macao.

Rail Travel

It’s not only convenient and affordable to travel by train in China, but you can also enjoy the scenery along the way. Transportation in China mainly includes railways, highways, and inland and coastal ships. Railways consist of north-south trunk lines such as (Harbin-Dalian)-(Beijing-Shenyang), Beijing-Shanghai, Beijing-Kowloon, Beijing-Guangzhou, (Beijing-Datong-Puzhou)-(Taiyuan-Jiaozuo)-(Jiaozuo-Zhicheng)-(Zhicheng-Liuzhou), (Baoji-Chengdu)-(Chengdu-Kunming)-(Kunming-Hanoi), and (Chengdu-Chongqing)-(Sichuan-Guizhou)-(Guizhou-Guangxi) and east-west trunk lines such as (Beijing-Baotou)-(Baotou-Lanzhou)-(Lanzhou-Qinghai), (Lanzhou-Lianyungang)-(Lanzhou-Xinjiang), Hangzhou-(Zhejiang-Jiangxi)-(Hunan-Guizhou)-(Guizhou-Kunming), and (Lancun-Yantai)-(Qingdao-Jinan)-(Shijiazhuang-Dezhou)-(Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan)-(Datong-Puzhou)-(Houma-Xi'an). China’s high-speed railway network is gradually being upgraded and includes four vertical and four horizontal lines, including Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Harbin, Beijing-Shanghai, Xuzhou-Lanzhou, Shanghai-Kunming, Shanghai-Chengdu and the pre-high speed railway in the southeast coastal area, etc. Important regional network lines include Guizhou-Guangzhou, Nanning-Guangzhou, and Xi'an-Chengdu, etc. The intercity high-speed rail includes lines such as Beijing-Tianjin and Shanghai-Ningbo, etc.


China has a wide range of public transportation services, including buses, coaches and taxis. China’s total highway mileage amounts to 5.1 million kilometers. With the completion and opening of the Motuo highway in Xizang, China’s highway now covers all parts of the country. The expressway has formed a national network, seven routes start from the Capital, nine go from south to north and 18 go from east to west.


Traveling by ship enables you to enjoy the scenery in a leisurely fashion during a smooth and comfortable journey. China’s inland waterway transport is the most developed in the Pearl River and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal in Hebei, Jiangsu and Zhejiang is open for navigation. Dalian, Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Qingdao, Lianyungang, Shanghai, Ningbo, Xiamen, Huangpu, Zhanjiang, Haikou and Hong Kong are the country’s main seaports.